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Magelang Regency is a regency in Central Java Province. Its capital is Mungkid. This regency is bordered by Temanggung Regency in the north, Semarang Regency dan Boyolali Regency in the east, Yogyakarta Special Region in the south, and Wonosobo Regency and Purworejo Regency in the west.
Magelang is a cool pleasant medium sized town about 40 Km north of Yogya, surrounded by several mountains; Merapi and Merbabu in the east, Sumbing and Sindoro in the west. It is located on the road connecting Yogya and Semarang on the west site, whereas the other east site is Yogya – Solo – Semarang.
Magelang is in the niche of a series mountain range. On the Eastern side (at the border of Boyolali Regency) there is Mount Merbabu (3,141 M) dan Mount Merapi (2,911M). On the western side (at the border of Temanggung Regency and Wonosobo Regency) there is Mount Sumbing (3,371 M). on the southwestern there is a series of Menoreh Hill. In the middle, Progo River and its rivulets flow to the south.
Magelang is in a strategic position connecting two capitals of two province, those are : Semarang (Central Java Province) and Yogyakarta (Special Region of Yogyakarta). Mungkid, the capital of this province is about 10 km on the sooth of Magelang downtown. Mungkid was a subdistrict then developed to be a new capital of this province substitute for Magelang city.
Magelang used to be passed with train railway connecting Semarang – Yogyakarta, and it is one of the oldest train railway in Indonesia. But since the erupt of Mount Merapi, that lane was broken and not in use again.
Magelang is the largest town in the Kedu Plain between Mount Merbabu and Mount Sumbing in Central Java, Indonesia. It is in a fertile agricultural area and one of the most densely populated regions on Java. The town, is divided into two region, Magelang Utara (North Magelang), and Magelang Selatan (South Magelang).
The city has historically been a military post, dating back to the Dutch East Indies colonial era. It subsequently acted as an army stronghold for Indonesia pro-independence movement against the Dutch government during the resistance period. Currently, it is host to two military landmarks: The National Military Academy, and the only military-associated school, Taruna Nusantara.
It is the closest major town to Borobudur, a seventh-century Buddhist monument. It is located about 40 km (25 miles) north west of Yogyakarta, on the main highway connecting that city with Java's northern coast at Semarang.
Magelang City has two borders. Its western border is Progo river; its eastern border is Elo river.
Many of the town's colonial-era buildings have become heritage landmarks, such as the Karesidenan Kedu building. History records this is the place where Prince Diponegoro was trickily arrested by the Dutch colonial government in order to end the Java War (1825-1830). The chair that Prince Diponegoro sat on, still exist in that place, which has now become a museum. A fingernail, which is believed to be Diponegoro's, still can be seen on the arm of the chair. A statue was erected in his honour in "Alun-Alun" (square)of Magelang.