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Pekalongan is a city and regency on the northern coast of Central Java, Indonesia. The city is Central Java's most important port, and is known for its batik.
Pekalongan became a part of the empire of the Sultanate of Mataram through treaty and marriage alliances by the early seventeenth century. The area was on the geographic periphery of the empire, which was based in interior central Java. However, it was a wealthy area, and by the end of the seventeenth century, the substantial money and produce it sent to the center made it a key part of Mataram's realm. The area went into economic decline during the 1700s, and the Dutch East India Company began to gain substantial influence over the area's political and economic life. The Dutch built a fort in the city in 1753 which still stands.
From the 1830s, the Pekalongan area became a major producer of sugar. Sugarcane had been grown in the area before then, but production expanded substantially during the mid-nineteenth century due to Dutch efforts. Initially, production was boosted through compulsory corvée labor; the Dutch colonial government took advantage of longstanding Javanese expectations that the peasantry contributes a part of their labor to the state. Between the 1860s and the 1890s, this system was phased out, and workers were paid directly. The colonial sugar industry collapsed during the Great Depression of the 1930s, but sugar remains a key export of the area in independent Indonesia.
Beside batik, Pekalongan also has many convection industry. Location of this industry start from Kedungwuni, Tirto, Bojong, Wiradesa, Buaran, Klego and Landungsari. This industry produce batik and non batik, such as sarong, man cloth, woman cloth, child clothes, bedspread or seprai (pallet sleep above mattress), desk palm, jeans and others.
Crafting of natural fibre
With raw material from 'enceng gondog' (water plant especially grow in swamp), pineapple fibre and also other natural fibre, produce to make various crafting like bag, clothes, house interior and others.
Pekalongan is famous with its typical food known as Megono, that is a kind of dish made from chopped young jackfruit (Javanese : gori) mixed with "urapan" (grated coconut with spices) and sambal urapan (Javanese : kluban). Megono is very delicious and suitable as a side dishes for breakfast, also suitable if it mixed with any dishes.
Pekalongan Tauto is typical food of Pekalongan, kind of Soto (Indonesian clear soup), but for the ingredients added "taucho" (kind of flavoring that has special aroma, made from soy). Just like soto, we also put meat and innards as well as sohun noodle into Taouto. We can eat Touto with rice but it is more delicious if we eat it with "lontong" (rice steamed in a banana leaf).
Garang asam is a food kind of Rawon (beef stew made with keluak), typical from Pekalongan. Only for Garang Asam but the gravy is given many tomato, so it has a fresh sour taste. Garang asam usually mixed with meat, innards, or eggs.
Keripik Tahu (Tofu Crispy Chips)