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Pemalang is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) in north coast of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is Pemalang.
Like the larger cities of Tegal, to its west, and Pekalongan, to the east, Pemalang was dominated in the nineteenth century by sugar production. The area was known for its fertile soil, which had made it a rich rice-growing region. By the end of the nineteenth century the coastal plain, the most fertile part of the regency, was almost completely used for sugar cultivation, divided among five major plantations. Under the Japanese occupation during World War II, Pemalang's fertility provided needed rice for the Japanese war effort. The occupiers set high quotas for production, causing food shortages because little was left to remain in the village after meeting the quota.
Pemalang Regency is bordered with Java Sea on the north, Pekalongan on the east, Purbalingga Regency in the south, and Tegal Regency on the west.
North side of this regency is a lowland, and south area is mountainous, with its peak Mount Slamet.
The regency capital is in the north west of the area, directly bordered with Tegal Regency. Pemalang located in Jakarta – Semarang – Surabaya inter-province road, and also there's another inter province road connecting Pemalang with Purbalingga
From Semarang (Capital of Central Java) to this regency is about 135Km to the west, or it took about 2 – 3 hours by car.