Home West Java Cirebon
Traveling northeast from Bandung towards the coast, the seaport of Cirebon offers a wealth of culture and history. Situated on the border of West and Central Java, it is home to a combination of both cultures. Gemah Ripah Loh Jinawi means a prosperous city that has many people. Cirebon is actually located at the north coast of West Java. Cirebon has a great resource of sea, especially shrimps. (The word cirebon is a combination of two words, ci which means water and rebon which means shrimp).
Cirebon has always been famous for its salted fish, fresh shrimp, as well as petis and terasi (shrimp pastes used as spices). These shrimps are exported abroad to get so much income for city development and education. You will always pass this city every time you go to West Java or Jakarta from Central Java or any eastern cities of Java.
The location of Cirebon is very strategic. In the Indojavanese time it was the most important harbor of the mighty Galuh kingdom, of which the capital was located in the fertile of Citanduy River, not too far away from Ciamis. The harbor also opened the way to the Cimanuk River, which flows through Sumedang to the lake basin of Bandung. Because the coasts of Western Java are swampy and in some places rocky Cirebon and Sunda Kelapa (Jakarta), together with Banten in the far West, the main entries to the blooming highlands.
Cirebon at 14th was a part of Padjajaran Kingdom. The Moslem movement there was so fast and Padjajaran commanded to remove the settlement to Lemahwungkuk, 5 kilometers from Cirebon harbor.
Historically the home of the royal families of West Java, Cirebon is famous for its royal palace complex and its unique treasures and ancient traditions. The culture of Cirebon area is also quite unique, being a mix of Sundanese, Islamic, Chinese, Hindu and even Pre-Hindu cultures. A living heritage, Cirebons mixed cultural traditions are reflected in the city ancient palace compounds and scenic palatial garden.
Kasepuhan Palace and Kanoman Palace
The historic Palace of Sultan Kasepuhan or Keraton Kasepuhan is an imposing royal complex containing many important artifacts and treasures. Just to the west of the Palace of Sultan Kasepuhan is Masjid Agung, a great mosque built in 1498by Raden Sepet. Not faraway is Kanornan Palace, which dates back to 1527 when Panembahan Girilaya commissioned its construction. Today, the Kasepuhan and Kanornan palaces are excellent museums that are open to the public Both complexes are well worth a visit.
Sunan Gunung Jati Grave
The royal grave of Sunan Gunung Jati, who was officially known as Wukir Sapta Renggapar, is located on a hill 5 km from Cirebon. The grave is enclosed bya wall tiled in antique Chinese porcelain.
The Cirebon area is well known for the production of printed and hand painted batiks. The small village of Trusmi is one of the best places to purchase high quality batiks featuring the unique patterns of ancient Cirebon. Megamendung or cloud designs and Wadasan or rock designs are among the most sought after authentic Cirebon batiks. Other types of batik include Batik Kapal Keruk and Batik Kapal Kandas.
Cirebon is famous for its unique folk art and traditional performances Wayang performances take their themes from episodes of the great Hindu epics, the Mahabrata and Ramayana, but are styled so as to educate the audience in the way of life and also for the islarriic religion.
Topeng or Mask dances, on the other hand, are graceful movements that philosophically reflect and symbolize colorful human characteristics.
The Sunyaragi cave was an ancient architecture where Sultans of Cirebon were used to doing their meditation. It's ocated around 4 km from the city and can be reached by any kind of vehicle in 15 minutes.
Nowadays, there is an open theatre where arts exhibition and traditional ballet is performed.
Panjang Jimat ceremony, is one of the traditions that still being held on Prophet Muhammad's birthday (Maulud). The ceremony was centred on in the Kasepuhan Palace and the Kanoman Palace.
Just a short trip from Cirebon is the spa resort of Sang kanurip where visitors can experience and enjoy the therapeutic hot springs of Mount Ciremai. Recreation facilities include swimming and bathing, and there are also cottages available.