Home Mt. Bromo (Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park) Attractions
The mayor atractivenees of TN-BTS is its unique and spectacular natural phenomena and those are easily enjoyed from a relative cloose positition.
Tengger caldera (crater) in which 5 (five) mounts are located could be a special interesting thing in the tourism, including its history of formation.
According to esher (1980 et al) formerly mount Tengger was a very big /large mountain whit a peak level of 4,00 meters above sea level. About one milion or one milion and a half years ago have head activities to from a very large caldera of 8-10 Km mount Tengger activities does not stop only to that , but its activities is still seen whit emergence of a new crater at center of the caldera the crater is higher nad higher until sometime it erupst.
Tengger caldera is very large and well known whit is name laut pasir Tengger. Because of its unique this caldera was handled by the govermentin 1919 and stated as a natural conservation . however this area apparently attracted tourist to come. Then the area was changed to be as a national park (especialy in Cemorolawang part.)
Mount Bromo also Gunung Bromo, located in the Tengger Caldera, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. It is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, and even though at 2329 meters it is not the highest peak of the massif, it is the most well known.
The sea of sand area was declared as a strict Nature Reserve in 1919 for the purpose of protecting the extraordinary Sea of Sand which forms the floor of caldera with diameter 8-10 km. There are several mountains inside the caldera, namely : Mt. Bromo (2,392 m a.s.l), Mt. Batok (2,470 m a.s.l), Mt. Kursi (2,581 m a.s.l), Mt. Watangan (2,6610 m a.s.l), and Mt. Widodaren (2,650 m a.s.l).
Walking on the Sea of Sand. stepping up on the 249 steps to the rim, enjoying the unique crater in a crater,watching the dawn at Bromo are the main attractionsin the area.
Mt. Batok (2440m)
Mount Batok (2440m) is a brown volcanic cone at the north center of the caldera. Unlike the other nearby peaks it is no longer active and actually has some vegetation growing on it, mostly the local cemara tree that somehow manages to survive even on volcanic ash.
Mt. Widodaren is located beside Mt. Batok and is tourism potentials site with the special atractiveness. One of the appeal of this object is that this location consitutes a sacred tourism objects thar from a cave and a sarced water resource.
Inside of that cave and asarced water resources.
Inside of that cave there is a somewhat broader place and inside that place there is abig stone that is used to provide somethings to be sacrificied and put nadar that also utilized as the place for meditation especially for comunities of Tengger for praying to the syangyang widi. Around that cave ,exactly beside there are believe that eficacy of the water resource that will never dry and according to comonity of Tengger , it is sacred water from widodaren (Mendhak Tira) beside, there ist belive that the efficacy of the water may keeo young and may get the spousefor the umaried person
In order to rach this object has been made a narrou lane whit the trend nearly forty five degree. So that suggested to tourits for carefuly walking when passing this lane.
Another atlaractivenes , when we have already reached the cave , we wel sea abeautifull view at the bottom. I,e sand seaand the adjancent. The more beautifull view when we are enjoiying the view at morning whit the yellow shined sun rise appears at our front.
From the peak of Mt. Penanjakan (2,770 m a.s.l) you will get a very good view to the area of Sea of Sand with the mount Bromo, Batok and Semeru in the background.
From the look out point at Mt. Penanjakan you can enjoy the sunrise between 4.30 a.m - 5.30 a.m while sunset is 4.30 p.m - 5.30 p.m. To watch the dawn of the day at Mt. Penanjakan you have to be ready on the spot at about 4.00 a.m.
Ranu Pane, Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo & Peak of Mt. Semeru
Ranu Pane and Ranu Regulo are two beautiful crater lakes on the upland of about 3 km beyond the southern rim of caldera. Ranu Pani/Ranu Regulo mostly passed by climbers who want to climb the Mt. Semeru. Ranu Pani about 1 Ha and Ranu Regulo about 0.75 Ha, are located nearby.
Ranu Kumbolo with about 14 Ha is located between Ranu Pani and Mt. Semeru. Walking a long the slopes of the lake Kumbolo, getting yours shoes stuck in the soft mud, smelling the fragance of pines and patches of miniature flowers, this is the idyllic solitude of the Kumbolo lake (Ranu Kumbolo).
For travelling to peak of Mt. Semeru from Ranu Pani, hikers have to take a rest at Kalimati or Arcopodo and then continue the travelling early in the morning (03.00 a.m).
On the peak of Mt. Semeru/Mahameru, hikers are adviced to avoid to visit the crater of Jonggring Saloko and southern part of the area due to the toxic gasses and lava path.