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Tuban is a small town and regency in East Java, Indonesia. It is located on the north coast of Java, about 110 km east of Surabaya, and borders Lamongan and Bojonegoro regencies, and to the west, Rembang, Central Java.
Tuban was formerly a Majapahit port and is mentioned in Chinese records from the eleventh century and is believed to have been Islamised before it's conquest by Demak c. 1527. Even following its Islamisation, it remained loyal to Hindu-Buddhist Majapahit. The grave of Sunan Bonang, a sixteenth-century Islamic missionary - one of the Wali Sanga involved in the initial spread of Islam in Java, is located in Tuban. This site is an important destination for Muslim pilgrims.
Tuban is famous for tobacco and hardwood teak production. PT Semen Gresik, a major state-owned cement company, opened the largest cement factory in Indonesia in Tuban in 1994. A petrochemical plant operated by Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPPI) opened in 2006 after several years of delays.
Tuban also known as the "thousand cave city" because there are many caves in the area.