The indigenous people inhabiting the dense tropical rainforests of
Borneo are collectively called the Dayaks, but in fact they comprise
many tribes that are diverse in culture as well as in language. The word
“Dayak” actually means “inland” or “upriver”, especially where the
Indonesian part of Borneo, - called Kalimantan, - is cut by many long
and wide rivers as well as many tributaries, that are used as
In Central Kalimantan live the Ngaju Dayaks, the Lawangan, the
Ma’anyan and the Ot Danum, known as the Barito Dayaks, named after the
Barito river. Among these, the most dominant are the Ngaju, who inhabit
the Kahayan river basin by the present town of Palangkaraya.
The Ngaju are involved in agricultural commerce, planting rice,
cloves, coffee, palm oil, pepper and cocoa, whilst, the other tribes
still mostly practice subsistence farming through the slash and burn
Although many Dayaks have modernized and converted to Christianity
and Islam, however, the majority still adhere to the original Kaharingan
belief, also known as the Hindu-Bali Kaharingan, which is a state
Kaharingan belief focuses on the supernatural world of spirits,
including ancestral spirits. For this reason, funeral rites and
structures are elaborate. Most essential, however, are the secondary
funeral rites, called tiwah, when the bones of the deceased are exhumed, cleaned and placed in a special mausoleum, called sandung, which are placed next to their other ancestors. These coffins are normally beautifully carved and adorned. The tiwah is believed to be a most essential ceremony to allow the soul of the deceased finally to be released to the highest heaven.
When visiting the Dayaks upriver one can also see many funeral poles.
While best examples of funerary art are found on the upper reaches of
the Kahayan River at Tumbang Kuring.
Source: http://indonesia.travel/en/destination/35/getting-to-know-the-dayak-waysSupported by : JavaTourism.com, LintangBuanaTours.com,JavaBikers.com,Liburs.com,TourSumatra.com,FloresTour.com,Java-Adventure.com