HomeBlogs Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is a national park on Halmahera, the
biggest island in the North Maluku province of Indonesia. The park is
considered by BirdLife International to be vital for the survival of at
least 23 endemic bird species. Aketajawe-Lolobata, which has an area of
167,300 hectares, was declared a national park in 2004.
Location and geography The
Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park is located in the northern part of
Halmahera island in northern Maluku. It is part of the Wallacea
Flora and fauna The
vegetation of the national park consists mostly of lowland and montane
rainforest. The forest is characterised by a high level of biodiversity,
including Agathis species, Calophyllum inophyllum, Octomeles sumatrana,
Koordersiodendron pinnatum, Pometia pinnata, Intsia bijuga, Canarium
mehenbethene gaerta, and Palaquium obtusifolium.
From 51 mammal
species found in North Maluku, 28 are found on Halmahera Island, of
which 7 are endemic to this region, and one, the Golden Cat (Phalanger
sp.), is endemic to the island.
From 243 bird species in North
Maluku, 211 have been recorded on Halmahera Island of which 24 are
endemic, including Wallace’s Standarwing, Halmahera Cuckoo-shrike,
Sombre Kingfisher,White Cockatoo, Invisible Rail, Blue and White
Kingfisher (Halcyon diops), Dusky-brown Oriole, Moluccan Goshawk, Dusky
Scrubfowl, Long-billed Crow, Grey-headed Fruit-dove, Ivory-breasted
Pitta, and Purple Dollarbird.
Reptiles and amphibians in the park include the Callulops Dubia, Caphixalus montanus, and Hydrosaurus werneri.
endemic fauna on Halmahera includes 2 grasshopper species, 3 dragonfly
species, 1 butterfly species, and 20 land mollusc species.
Human habitation The
park is home to a semi-nomadic community of people known as the Tobelo
Dalam or Forest Tobelo. They share a common language with the coastal
village communities of the Tobelo people. Their number is estimated to
be around 2,000.
Conservation and threats In
1981 the National Conservation Plan proposed the designation of four
protected areas: Aketajawe, Lolobata, Saketa and Gunung Gamkonora. The
1993 Indonesian Biodiversity Action Plan recommended the designation of
an integrated protected area. Survey work by BirdLife in 1994–1996
identified Aketajawe-Lolobata as an Important Bird Area.
the Aketajawe and Lolobata areas, were proposed as National Park. In
1999 a large forest area of 7,264,707 has been classified as State
Forest Area, which included the Aketajawe and Lolobata Forest Groups.
In 2004 a National Park has been declared with a total area of
167,300 ha, which is formed by the Aketajawe Protected Forest Group
(77,100 ha) in the districts of Central Halmahera and Kota Tidore
Kepulauan, and Lolobata Forest Group (90,200 ha) in East Halmahera
Threats to the national park are posed by illegal
logging and mining. Between 1990 to 2003 forests declined in North
Maluku from 86% to just under 70%, with much of it occurring in the
lowlands (below 400m). As a result, species with large amounts of their
range at low elevations were most strongly affected.