HomeBlogs Kutai National Park Kutai National Park is a lowland national park located on the east coast
of Borneo Island, in the East Kalimantan province of Indonesia, few
minutes south of the equator.
park is located north of the Mahakam river and includes several lakes:
Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan. It is adjacent to the towns of
Bontang and Sangatta and 120 km north of the provincial capital
Samarinda. There are several traditional Bugis settlements within the
national park. Orangutan in the Kutai forest
National Park extends over an area of 2,000 km², part of the former
Kutai Game Reserve which has been protected since the 1970s. However
this status did not prevent the logging of a third of the forest in
subsequent years. In an attempt to prevent further deforestation the
Kutai National Park was established in 1982. Nevertheless, the great
Borneo fires of 1982/83 destroyed another 60% of the forest. Thus only
30% of the primary growth forest remains.
principal vegetation types include coastal mangrove forest, freshwater
swamp forest and kerangas forest. There have been 900 species of
vegetation identified in the park.
The park provides habitat to a
wide range of mammals including orangutan, Malayan Sun Bear, Sambar
deer, Banteng, Maroon Leaf Monkey, White-fronted Leaf Monkey, Hose's
Leaf Monkey, Proboscis Monkey, Bornean Gibbon, Clouded Leopard, Black
Flying Squirrel, Marbled Cat, Flat-headed Cat, Yellow-throated Marten,
Otter Civet, and Smooth-coated Otter.
The number of orangutans
was found to have decreased dramatically, from 600 recorded in 2004 to
about 60 in 2009. However a survey conducted in 2010 identified over
2,000 orangutans to be inhabiting the park.