HomeBlogs Danau Sentarum National Park The Danau Sentarum National Park is a national park protecting one of
the world's most biodiverse lake systems, located in Borneo Island,
West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. It lies in the upper Kapuas River
basin some 700 kilometres upstream from the delta. The basin is a vast
floodplain, consisting of seasonal lakes, freshwater swamp forest and
peat swamp forest. The National Park is located in the western part of
this basin, where three-quarters of the seasonal lakes occur.
Approximately half of the park consists of lakes, while the other half
consists of freshwater swamp forest.
An area of 800 km² was first
gazetted as Wildlife Reserve in 1982, which in 1994 was extended to
1,320 km² when it became a Ramsar site. In 1999 it was declared a
National Park, however a National Park Authority was only established in
Danau Sentarum National Park has a rich fish fauna with
around 240 recorded species, including the Asian Arowana and Clown Loach
Botia. There have been 237 bird species recorded including the Storm's
Stork and Great Argus. Of the 143 mammal species 23 are endemic to
Borneo including the Proboscis Monkey. There is a relatively large
population of the endangered Orangutans present in the park. The 26
reptile species include the False Gavial and Estuarine Crocodile.
lakes support a large traditional fishing industry. The western part of
the upper Kapuas floodplain is inhabited by almost 20,000 people, 88%
of which are Malay fishermen. About 3,000 people live in about 20
village enclaves within the Park.