HomeBlogs Bukit Barisan National Park Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park in Sumatra,
Indonesia. The park has a total area of 3,568 km², and spans three
provinces: Lampung, Bengkulu, and South Sumatra. Together with Gunung
Leuser and Kerinci Seblat national parks it forms a World Heritage Site,
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.
Flora and fauna
The park is home to many endangered species, including:
* Sumatran Elephant (about 500 animals, or 25% of the total remaining population of this subspecies live in the park)
* Sumatran Striped Rabbit (all recent records of this poorly known species have been from the park)
* Sumatran Rhino (an estimated 60-80 Sumatran rhinos live in the park;
approximately the same number live in Gunung Leuser National Park, and
when combined the two parks account for the majority of this species’
* Sumatran Tiger (approximately 40 adult tigers or 10% of the remaining Sumatran tigers live in the park).
Conservation and threats
Starting as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1935, the area became a National
Park in 1982. The park has recently lost 20% of its forests to illegal
agriculture, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature. WWF found that
more than 450 km² of park land is being used for growing coffee, and
the organisation is now working with multinational coffee companies
(including Nestle) to help them avoid buying illegally grown coffee.