HomeBlogs Mount Agung Mount Agung, that was located in the Rendang Subdistrict, Karangasem
Regency, Bali Province, Indonesia was the highest mountain in the Bali
Island . This volcano at first had the height around 3.142 metre above
sea, but after erupting during 1963 the height was estimated descended
to 2.920—3.014 metre. At this time, the highest of Mount Agung peak was
located at the west, exact on the Besakih Temple.
For the Balinese Community, Mount Agung was the holy mountain that was
the sign of the Lord’s grandeur. One quite sensational incident happened
when Mount Agung exploded during 1963 and killed approximately 1,000
people as well as damaged the inhabitants’s more than 100,000 houses.
However, strangely this natural disaster did not make significant damage
against the Besakih Temple that his location approximately only 1 km
from the Mount Agung crater.
The other incident, approximately 40 days before the Mount Agung
eruption disaster happened, the Indonesian government proclaimed Ekadasa
Rudra event (celebration every time one hundred Besakih Temple years)
on March 8 1963 as event the international tour visit. Although since
the end of February 1963 Mount Agung had begun to show the quite
dangerous activity, as spraying out the smoke, dust, as well as
dismissed the thunderous voice, but the Indonesian government
reluctantly withdrew the date of this ritual implementation. However, at
the end, event that was postponed also till 1979 for reasons of the
safety of the tourists. That really surprising, the horrifying Mount
Agung eruption just really happened on March 17 1963 (the other version
mentioned on March 18) after the tourists left the location of this
Ekadasa Rudra celebration plan.
Mount Agung including the foremost climb tourist attraction in
Indonesia. As the volcano that still was active, Mount Agung presented
the billow panorama of the smoke and the spurting of sand and gravel
from the crater hole that opened with the diameter 500 metre. If the
weather was clear, from the peak of this mountain tourists could enjoy
scenery of cities around it. Beauty of this nature that attracted
tourists to climb the Mount Agung peak.
To the activity of the proceeding climb safe, there were several
prohibitions that must be avoided by these mountain climbers. The first
prohibition was climbing during the occurence of celebration of piety in
the Besakih Temple and the Pasar Agung Temple. The other prohibition,
for female tourists better did not climb when being menstruating.
Because, according to the community’s local belief, if two prohibitions
were violated will invite the disaster.
For the activity of the climb, tourists could follow two routes, that
is the route from the Besakih Temple and the route from the Pasar Agung
Temple. The route from the Besakih Temple considered to be quite
popular, because of going through this route the climber will arrive in
the highest Mount Agung peak. From the Besakih Temple, tourists could
follow the trip as far as the place of the camp with time followed
approximately 4 hours walked. Further, the last climb passed the
mountain back that was flat enough until reaching the peak/the crater
ravine with time followed +- 2 hours. In the meantime, the climb from
the Pasar Agung Temple headed the peak took up time between 3—4 the
hour. Only the climb route went through the Pasar Agung Temple route far
more steeper compared with the Besakih Temple route.
The activity of the climb was recommended carried out in the dry
season, between the month July – September, because in the season of
rain of the climb route will be more dangerous, the road was slipperier,
and the temperature could in the peak of the mountain descend
drastically. Therefore, the climbers also better equip equipment like
thick clothes to maintain the temperature of the body, torch light for
information, as well as food and the adequate drink because the total
time travel by-descended the mountain could reach 15 – 20 the hour.
To facilitate the climb, tourists could lease the guide’s service at a
cost of around Rp 150.000 – Rp 300,000 for one guide. Moreover, if
tourists needed climbing equipment, the visitor could hire him around
the location of the climb. If wanting to lease accommodation to rest or
just waited for time to begin the climb, tourists could spend the night
in the Besakih Temple and the Pasar Agung Temple or leased the hotel
around the temple. To satisfy the requirement for tourists’s stomach
don’t worry, around the Pasar Agung Temple and the Temple of Besakih was
gotten the stall ate that sold typical Balinese food.
To head Mount Agung via the Besakih Temple, tourists could begin the
trip from the Denpasar City with the distance around 25 km to the north.
The other alternative, tourists could follow the trip from the
Semarapura City (the Klungkung Regency) to the Besakih Temple used the