HomeBlogs Lampung Province Lampung province is located at the extreme of south of Sumatra is
overlooked, over flown by most tourists. In the past it was well known
for its marvelous ‘tapi’ fabrics, some using real gold thread, and for
its pepper. But today, it is the location from ambitious transmigration
projects, resettling farmers from over-populated Java. It boasts
volcanoes, wildlife reserve, megalithic remain and a superb coastline of
deep-cut bays and wonderful beaches. Its capital is Bandar Lampung, is
made up of twin cities that is Teluk Betung and Tanjung Karang. Way
Kambas Nature Reserve is a 130,000 ha area of swamp and lowland forest
with wild elephant, tapir and many other animals.
The name of Lampung province was taken from origin Lampungnese.
Before Indonesia became independent country, a resident led Lampung
region and the status was as residency area (Residentie lampungche
districten) with many afdeling (afdeling Teloek betoeng, afdeling
metroand afdeling kotabumi). The villages/old town with traditional
living characteristic could be found like sukadana, menggala, kenali,
liwa, blambangan umpu etc. A part of these town bacame the capital of
district. In the first of 2000 was 7 millions the population of Lampung
Province. Among 10 district / town, the most population was in central
Lampung with 1.901.630 and the density population was in Bandar Lampung
city, 3.763 soul/km2.
Lampung province is located between 3o 45′ and 6o 45′ South Latitude and
between 103o 40′ and 105o 50′ East Longitude. This province is bordered
North side: South Sumatra Province
South Side: Sunda Strait
West side: Bengkulu Province
East side: Java Sea
The wide area of Lampung province is 33,307 sq km, Administrativelly
Lampung Province is divided among 4 regencies, 1 municipality and 1 administrative town with Bandar Lampung as its capital city.
The humidity of this province is various between 50% and 86%, and the
rainfall is ranges between 2,000 and 4,000 mm per year. The temperature
ranges between 20o C and 34o C.
The migration flow to Lampung province is supported by the existence of
heavy plantation, fishery and industry. In 1994, the total population of
this province was 6,200,306 people, with its average density of 196.8
people per Km2. Compared to the average national population growth
amounted to 2.144% per year, this province was on the lower level with
2.12% per year during the 1990-1994 period. The projection and
composition in 1997 can be seen on the following table.
Lampung society consists of two main groups, respectively has special
traditional law. They are Peminggir traditional society and Pepadun
traditional society. Peminggir societies, such as, Krui, Ranau,
Komering, and Kayu Agung society, live along the coast And, Pepadun
society, who customarily conservative, such as, Abung (Abung Siwo Migo),
Pubian (Pubian Telu Suku), Tulang Bawang (Migo Pak), Buai Lima (Way
Kanan), and Sungkay Bunga Mayang, live in the inland.