HomeBlogs Pasola Tradition If you choose to holiday island of Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara, you should
consider the appropriate time to be able to see the game called
traditional maneuver Pasola. War is a game Pasola two groups' army 'of a
horse throw a javelin (Spear wood) in the Savanna. The etimologis,
Pasola comes from the word 'Sola' or 'hola', which means Spear or
javelin of wood. After the particle get 'pa' to 'pasola' or 'pahola', it
means a game using a Spear dexterity.
According to local story, a
tradition born out of this unique story of love chic beautiful widow
named Kaba Wednesday. Before accepting the status of widows, wife
Wednesday Kaba is valid from Umbu Dula, one of the leaders of the three
brothers Waiwuang. Two other brothers named Ngongo Tau Masusu and Yagi
Waikareri. As told in the site http://sumbaisland.com, three brothers
and this Farewell to The Residents Waiwuang to go to sea. However, they
go to the beach area south of East Sumba to take rice. After so long, it
appeared that the three brothers is never home. Locals also search
impressions but they were unable to find it. Finally, discuss the ritual
of mourning and the three brothers had died.
beautiful widow deceased wife Umbu Dulla then make love with TEDA
Gaiparona, a handsome young man from the village of Kodi. However,
because the regulations do not require traditional mourning them, this
pair of lovers to marry and then fled. That is beautiful widow diboyong
by TEDA Gaiparona to Kodi village. Not long after marrying running
events, the three brothers Ngongo Tau Masusu, Yagi Waikareri, Umbu Dula
and return home to Kampung Waiwuang, and find the news Wednesday that
the Kaba has been taken by TEDA Gaiparona Flee.
Any dispute can
not be dodged. Three brothers with all citizens Waiwuang ask TEDA
Gaiparona questioned because it was run Wednesday Kaba. Finally an
agreement was born, the TEDA Gaiparona should replace belis (dowry) is
received by the widow of the beautiful family Umbu Dulla. Once it was a
customary marriage can take place. After the wedding, the TEDA Gaiparona
order so that citizens carry Pasola. In this way, it is expected that
both the village's revenge can be released with the game and compete
maneuver dexterity javelin throw from the top of the horse.
Pasola actually own a part of the ritual belief Marapu (local religious
community Sumba). According to the site http://www.anaksumba.nl, in the
belief Marapu, the most important element is to maintain harmony
between human beings with the fathers. For, this is the spirit of the
ancestors will bring fertility and Prosperity for them. Nah, the game is
usually held Pasola as the peak of the party Nyale Festival, the
traditional ceremony to invoke the blessing of the gods and spirit so
that the ancestor of the harvest year was successful with both.
delivery time depends on the matter of Indigenous Elders (Rato) that
interpret the various signs of nature, including cyclo-week. Calculation
of this Rato perhaps never fumble. Evidence, every day of the Pasola,
the beach there are usually many nyale (sea worms) as a sign of the
start of the game Pasola. In the Christian calendar, Pasola held between
the months of February to March in several places in the Regency of
West Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara.
In a game that is challenging and
dangerous, tourists can see directly the two groups' Kstaria Sumba 'a
face-to-face each other, and the horse is Spur Frisky, while
occasionally go javelin towards the opponent. Not only advanced horse
and javelin throw, participants Pasola is also very agile avoid hack
stick thrown by the opponent. Clip-clop of horses feet surround the
fields, sound horse whinny and shout cruel penunggangnya naturally
accompany music into the game. Not screaming audience of women who
encourage the 'heroes' fight them on the field. That is the atmosphere
tense and challenging game in Pasola.
In this game, participants
had to prepare a special wooden stick along with the 1.5 meter diameter
of 1.5 centimeters. Although the rod is a blunt, this game is not rare
traumatic participants, can even eat the soul of the victim. The blood
run down in the arena Pasola are considered beneficial for soil
fertility and crop success. Meanwhile, if there is a victim of the soul,
then the victim is considered impunity from the gods because it has
been a Breach of conduct. Participants were exposed to Pike, if
possible, can respond in this arena. However, if the match has been
completed, while the participants are still curious to reply to hack
stick opponent, then he must be patient to wait for Pasola the following
year. For, in Pasola not be justified for long, let alone make
retaliation outside the arena Pasola.
According to the
implementation of Pasola not only a game that is physical (profan), but
also represents the obedience of faith embraces Marapu in implementing
the customs ancestor. Because of the Sacred, the implementation Pasola
before the Elders and traditional semedi do lakutapa (Fasting) to invoke
blessings of goodness to the ancestors and gods.
In addition to
Sacred have value, the functional Pasola can also be viewed as elements
in the community unifier Sumba. As the story about the origin of muasal
Pasola, namely to remove the rancor between the Village Waiwuang and
Kodi, the Pasola up to now has been a place silaturrahmi and brotherhood
among citizens. At the time of rest, for example, when entering the
lunch hour, participants and spectators will fuse into one to enjoy the
typical food Pasola, the Ketupat. In short, between two people in the
citadel of a 'war' in Pasola equally invited to laugh and rejoice with
dexterity while witnessing the Equestrian.
Pasola Games held in
four villages in West Sumba Regency. The four villages are Kodi village,
Lamboya Kampung, Kampung Wanokaka, and Gaura village, West Sumba
District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Pasola implementation in the
four villages is done in turns, between the months of February to March
each year (coinciding with the Traditional Nyale).
Regency is located on the island of Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara. On the
island there are four districts, among others, Kabupaten Sumba Barat,
Sumba Barat Daya District, East Sumba district, East Sumba and District.
For the island of Sumba, tourists can go to Airport memafaatkan flight
Mauhau, Waingapu City, capital of East Sumba Regency from various major
cities in Indonesia. If you depart from Jakarta, the plane will make a
transit at Ngurah Rai Airport, Denpasar, Bali, before the flight to
continue toward Waingapu. In this city there is also the port that
serves the sea Voyage from the island of Sumbawa, Flores Island, Timor
Island and the cruise ship Pelni services. City of Waingapu, tourists
can take advantage of public transportation such as bus or rent a
service for travel to the location Pasola District in West Sumba.