HomeBlogs Liang Bua Liang Bua is a cave in a limestone hill in Manggarai District, Flores.
The local community is familiar with this cave because of its huge size
(50 meters long, 40 meters wide, and 25 meters tall). Due to its size,
it was once used as a religious worship place and school.
Bua is famous the world over following the finding of an ancient skull.
The skull was that of a short human called Homo floresiensis, found at a
depth of 6 meters. Its brain measured only 380 cc (compared to a
minimum 1200 cc for a normal modern human brain). Archaeologists are of
the opinion that this skull originated from an era back in time some
18,000 years ago.
In addition, in a depth of 10.7 meters, ancient
animal bones were also found including those of stegodon (an ancient
elephant), komodo, turtles, and lizards. To Do Despite
its famous archaeological findings, no replica or information about
these findings is located in Liang Bua. Visitors can only see the
massive cave with stalagmite stones, imaginating that ancient elephants,
komodo and short humans (Homo floresiensis) once lived here thousands
of years ago. Near Liang Bua, there are other caves such as Gua Galang
(with bathing stones) and Gua Tanah. You can walk to these caves.
Getting Around Liang Bua and its surrounding areas are only accessible by foot. Getting There Liang
Bua is located 14 kilometers from Ruteng, the capital city of Manggarai
district. Bemo (rural public transportation) and trucks carrying
passengers from Ruteng usually pass this site but their schedule is
tentative. The best way to visit this cave is by taking a rented car or
a motor taxi. To reach Ruteng, you can take land transportation from
Labuan Bajo, Ende or Maumere. Everyday there is a flight from Kupang to
Maumere and Ende. There is also a daily flight from Denpasar to Labuan
Bajo, and a twice a week flight from Kupang to Ruteng.