HomeBlogs Batujaya Archaeological Site Batujaya is an archeological site located in the village of Batujaya,
Karawang in West Java, Indonesia. The site is five square kilometers in
area and comprises more than 20 structural remains buried in what
Sundanese call hunyur or unur (high mounds of earth consisting of
artifacts). Unur is similar to the manapo found at the Muara Jambi
The site was first found and examined by
archaeologists from the University of Indonesia in 1984. Excavations
have since uncovered 17 unur, of which three are in the form of pools.
The structures found are made of bricks composed of a mixtures of clay
and rice husks, not volcanic rock which is difficult to find in
Batujaya. Two structures recovered are in the form of temples, one of
which, known as Jiwa Temple, has been restored. According to Dr Tony
Djubiantono, the head of Bandung Archeology Agency, Jiwa was built in
the 2nd century.
As local Indonesian governments do not maintain
the site, Ford provides funds for research and excavation of the
Batujaya complex as part of its Conservation and Environmental
The discovery of this archaeological site was
important as although it was the location of Tarumanagara, the oldest
Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Indonesia, West Java lacks ancient temple
remains. Before the discovery, only four temple sites have been found in
West Java, namely they are Cangkuang Temple (in Garut), Ronggeng
Temple, Pamarican Temple, and Pananjung Temple (in Ciamis).
research at Jiwa found that the temple was built between the fifth and
sixth centuries. This is based on the inscriptions found on numerous
votive tablets discovered in the area, small clay tablets with
inscriptions and pictures of Buddha used in prayer. Prof. Dr.
Budihartono (a senior anthropologist from University of Indonesia)
proposed carrying out pollen analysis for examining both the
paleoenvironment and also cultural records, including evidence of diet
and food processing.