HomeBlogs Jayawijaya Mountains The Jayawijaya Mountains are the centre part of the Western Central
Mountain Range in New Guinea. It is enclosed by the Sudirman Mountains
(Snow Mountains) in the west and by the Star Mountains in the east. In
the north and south it is enclosed between two giant lowland areas.
Some mountains have imaginable names like Mount Goliath (Peak Yamin,
4595 meter), Mount David (4581 meter). The highest peak of Jayawijaya
is Mount Trikora (Peak Wilhelmina, in the former Oranje Mountains),
with 4730 meter the second largest peak of New Guinea and snow covered.
North from this mountain is Lake Habbema, the largest lake in this
area. In the centre of the area, east from Mount Trikora, is an
important area for the region: the Baliem Valley. It was rather
recently discovered (1936) by coincidence by a mail aircraft and
appeared to have a self supporting agricultural system of high
standard, without having contact with the civilized world. Now many
modern western technics are introduced as well as many new vegetables
and crops. The Baliem Valley is a wide flat valley at an altitude of
1500 meter. There is a theory that the Baliem Valley was once a large
lake, where the valley itself was the bottom of the lake. This would
explain the peculiar flat area and the "entrance" (or "break through")
in the South of the valley. In the valley itself is no primary forest
and probably has never been there too, most of it is cultivated or are
small secundary forests and bushes and plains.