HomeBlogs Jembatan Merah (Red Bridge) Translated as The Red Bridge which located at North Surabaya, in whose
surrounding is one the most savage fightings ever seen on Java. The
battle of Surabaya began on 10th November 1945, less than three months
after the proclamation of the Indonesian independence day which readed
in Jakarta and it was right here that Brigadir General Mallaby from
England was killed. Further down the red bridge is the china town which
surrounding packed with buildings of typical chinesse architectural and
construction. It is still the most crowded business and trade center.
Merah (Red Bridge) Area was a trade area that grows as the consequence
of Paku Buwono II Agreement from Mataram with VOC by 11 Novembers 1743.
In that agreement some of north coast areas, include Surabaya,
delivered his domination to VOC. After that, Surabaya resided fully in
Dutch power. Now, its position as the center trade is always taken
place. Around the bridge, there is economics indicators, include one of
them is Jembatan Merah Plaza.
Change of its physical happened
around year of 1890-an, when its constrictor fence with the river
changed from wood becomes iron. Now the bridge condition connects
Rajawali Street and Kembang Jepun Street in north side of Surabaya,
almost same with other bridge. Its difference is only the red color.
the strategic situation, hence Tanjung Perak port also the center sea
transport of inters lair East Indonesia area. Ahead, Ocean ships unload
and load its goods through lighters and boats that can reach Jembatan
Merah (the first port by then) is reside in Surabaya city heart through
Kalimas river. Because of the traffic commerce development and goods
current improvement and the transportation current increase hence the
dock facilities in Jembatan Merah finally fallen short.
Memorized the Heroic Event around Red Bridge (Jembatan Merah) Surabaya
disarm Japan army, free interning Europe and cure the security safety
in ex Japan occupy region in South-East Asia, include Indonesia, ally
army (Allied Forces) assign Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, The
Chief of Ally Army Commander In South-East Asia (Supreme Commander
South East Asian Command).
For this duty, Mountbatten mobilizes
3 Divisions (British-Indian Divisions) and assisted by 2 Australian
Divisions under General Morsehead.
But, besides the duty from
Allied Forces, there is hidden agenda, which done by British army and
Australian, that is assisting Dutch to get back at it country, as the
agreement between English and Dutch in Chequers, near to London, on 24
Augusts 1945, named Civil Affairs Agreement, where agreed, that British
army will clean strength armed of Republic of Indonesia, and deliver
area which have " cleaned" to Netherlands Indies Civil Administration
British Battleship, HMS CUMBERLAND, has just arrived on
15 Septembers 1945 in Jakarta. Follow with this ship is Dr. Charles
Olke van der Plas, former East Java Governor at colonization epoch