Sukuh Temple was a Hindu complex of the
religious temple that was located in the Karanganyar Regency, eks
Karesidenan Surakarta, Central Java, Java Island, Indonesia. This
temple was categorized as the Hindu Temple because of the discovery of
the object of the worship lingga and yoni. This temple was classed
controversial because of its form that was more unusual and because of
the number of objects lingga and yoni that symbolized sexuality. Sukuh
Temple has distance about 20 km to the east of the Karanganyar City.
The only one temple that was erotic and Unique in Indonesia, almost
matched the available temple in Guatemala (the USA), have the shape of
the pyramid cut off that was the picture of the limitations of human
knowledge, that was built in the age 15.
Sukuh Temple building
gave the simplicity impression that striking to the tourist. The
impression that was obtained from this temple really different from
other big temples in Central Java that is the Borobudur Temple and the
Prambanan Temple. Moreover the form of the Sukuh Temple building tended
to resemble the legacy of the Maya Culture in Mexico or the legacy of
the Inca Culture in Peru.
This simplicity impression attracted
attention of the Dutch archaeologist W.F. Stutterheimpada in 1930. He
then tried to explain him by giving three arguments: first, the
possibility of the Sukuh Temple sculptor not a bricklayer but the
carpenter from the village and not from the palace circle, second,
temples were made with rather rushed so as not more neat or third, the
political situation that time by gazing at his fall of Majapahit
because of being urged by troops Islam Demak did not enable to make the
big and grand temple.
The tourist who entered the main door then
entered the biggest gateway will see the form of typical architecture
that this was not compiled upright but rather askew, had the shape of
the trapezium with the roof above. The stones in this temple were
colored rather reddish, because stones that were used were the kind of
Apart from the main temple and turtle statues, garuda
and other reliefs, also was found several animal statues have the shape
of celeng (the wild boar) and the elephant. In ancient the nobles and
the nobility using elephant for transportation.
Also had the
building horse reliefed paste with two human nooses inside, on the side
thought and right that came face to face to one another. There were
those who believed that this relief symbolized the uterus of a woman
and the left-hand noose symbolized the crime and the right-hand noose
symbolized the goodness. However this was not yet so clear.
had a small building in front of the main temple that was acknowledged
as Pewara Temple. In its middle, this building was hollow and was
gotten the small statue without the head. This statue by several
circles still shined because often given by the ritual offering.
the whole, visited the Sukuh Temple tourist attraction gave the view
just would the form of the temple and its relief that were unusual as
being proper for other temples in the Java Island. Definitely this was
proof that showed the wealth of the Indonesian Culture.