The bridge that spread above Musi River is becomes the main
characteristic of Palembang city. It was built on 1962 - 1965. Ampera
Bridge has 78m high of tower. However, the special feature of this
bridge that it can be opened and closed, the mechanism is no longer
working, whereas is fact, it is the only bridge in Indonesia with the
open-and-closed mechanism. Now it is only history. The bridge has to be
lifted up of the middle shares each time there every king sized ship,
with height above nine meters, will pass by quickly. Both for going to
downstream and also which going to the upstream.
in 1970, the Legendaries Bridge does not make a move to fluctuate
again. The moving bridge build, besides to connected Ulu and Ilir that
separated by Musi River, also to anticipate if there is big ship, which
sail in the river. Each time, when the bridge body make a move to go up
or go down always interesting to look up, and caught up to king sized
ships pass under the bridge, make amazing moment for the citizen who
have see it from the river boundary, or from other ship. The
construction build started in April 1962, after getting approval of
President of Soekarno. An expense of its development is taken away from
fund of Japan.
In initially, bridge as long as 1.177 meters
widely this 22 meters, named 'Bung Karno's Bridge'. A historian of
Djohan Hanafiah, the name mentioned as appreciation to The President of
Republic Indonesia. Bung Karno had fight seriously for desire of
Palembang citizen, to have a bridge above Musi River. 1965 is an
opening usage of bridge ceremony, at the same time, Bung Karno name as
a name of the bridge. However, after turbulence of politics happened in
1966, when there was a movement of anti-Soekarno very strong, name of
that bridge even also turned into Ampera Bridge. At this time, the name
of Ampera Bridge had not changed yet. There are some citizens in
Palembang wish its name return to Bung Karno's Bridge. According to
Djohan, the commutation request of name of Ampera Bridge become Bung
Karno as a streamlining effort of middle story.
The parts of
Ampera Bridge, when it has been woke up, as long as 71,90 meters,
widely 22 meters. Part of bridge heavy entirety 944 that ton can be
lifted with speed about 10 meters per minute. Two jacking tower of the
bridge upstanding as high as 63 meters. Apart between these two tower
is 75 meters. This two Tower provided with two pendulum of about
500-ton weight. Then the bridge lifted up, wide ship of the size 60
meters and highly maximum 44,50 meters, can pass to ford of Musi River.
And when middle shares of this bridge did not lifted, maximum high of
ships, which can pass under the bridge only 9 meters of water level of
Since 1970, the bridge shall no longer fluctuate again.
Time used to lift this bridge that is about 30 minute, assumed to
bother traffic current between defecting Ulu and Ilir, two Town of
Palembang area dissociated by Musi River. The river is only connecting
by Ampera Bridge. But Arsyad anticipate, the reason of Ampera Bridge do
not fluctuate again because of there is no big ship which can sail in
Musi River. The river become worse superficiality that cannot navigate
by king sized ship.
Ampera Bridge has been renovated in 1981, by
finishing fund about Rp 850 million. Renovating conducted after
emerging care of threat damage of the bridge can make it fall down.
Today, expanding discourse about the important thing to development of
Musi III Bridge and Musi IV Bridge as another way to connective Ulu and
Ilir, at the same time the development meant to develop Ulu area.