Bromo have known by all of visitor of the worlds.
They come to Bromo to watch the sunrise. The visitor also can look down
to the crater that full of its smoke, and feel the cold of the air, this
is probably could only be done in Bromo. Our eyes will also completed
by the sea of sand that the way to reach Bromo’s peak. The main gate to
the sea of sand and mount Bromo is through Cemorolawang. This is the
most crowded visiting area, espesially on holidays. There are many kinds
activities that could be carried on this area such as; Camping,
watching the scenery, horse riding to sea of sand or walking.
Mount Bromo has settled by Tenggerese for about thousands years. They
who are good of God follower and always do their custom strickly, has
historical relationship with Majapahit. The Antropologist from our
country or other country are interesting to do some research, because
the Tenggerese are strickly in keeping custom for centuries, without
influenced by world’s change. So there so many version of the unique of
Tenggerese in Probolinggo, it can be in the forth of tale, folktale,
serat and kidung, legend and science report.
As a good follower of God, which have Hinduism belief, they have many
kinds of traditional ceremony such as; marriage ceremony, Entas-entas,
Wilujengan Karo, Wilujengan Kapat, Wilujengan Kapitu, Wilujengan Kawolu,
Wilujengan Kasanga, Wilujengan Kasada. Those of ceremony are lead by a
person who supposed to have a magic power to make a communication with
powerful things (roh halus) that called ‘Dukun’.
However, the ancestor of Tenggerese are married couple named Rara
Anteng (Teng) and Jaka Seger (Ger). The combination of the two syllables
were than abbreviated as Tengger. They had not child for some years,
then they decided to had a meditation. They orayed to God in order that
he granted their wish.
One day there is aa misterious voice that said: that one day when
Sang Hyang Widhi (God) wanted to give them children, one of them had to
sacrifice to Bromo Crater (Bromo Mountain).
Many days later, Rara Anteng birth her first son named Tumenggung
Klewung, then followed by other children and they had 25 children.
Firstly, they didn’t want to sacrifice one of their children, but they
had a sign from Bromo that they must to keep the promise. Finally, their
last son named Raden Kusuma had take by Bromo crater as a requirement
for Dewata Sang Hyang Agung (God). Next, the misterious voice of Raden
Kusuma gave an order to provide half of the harvest to be sent to Raden
Kusuma in Bromo Crater every Full Moon at 14th, Kasada month.
Because of that, every full moon at 14th in Kasada Month, people sent
Raden Kusuma many kinds of harvest in Bromo mountain. That ceremony,
which called “Yadnya Kasada” becomes a tradition (custom) that held up
Attraction in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
The mayor atractivenees of TN-BTS is its unique and
spectacular natural phenomena and those are easily enjoyed from a
relative cloose positition.
Tengger caldera (crater) in which 5 (five) mounts
are located could be a special interesting thing in the tourism,
including its history of formation.
According to esher (1980 et al) formerly mount
Tengger was a very big /large mountain whit a peak level of 4,00 meters
above sea level. About one milion or one milion and a half years ago
have head activities to from a very large caldera of 8-10 Km mount
Tengger activities does not stop only to that , but its activities is
still seen whit emergence of a new crater at center of the caldera the
crater is higher nad higher until sometime it erupst.
Tengger caldera is very large and well known whit
is name laut pasir Tengger. Because of its unique this caldera was
handled by the govermentin 1919 and stated as a natural conservation .
however this area apparently attracted tourist to come. Then the area
was changed to be as a national park (especialy in Cemorolawang part.)
Mount Bromo also Gunung Bromo, located in the
Tengger Caldera, is one of the most popular tourist attractions in East
Java, Indonesia. It is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif,
and even though at 2329 meters it is not the highest peak of the
massif, it is the most well known.
The sea of sand area was declared as a strict
Nature Reserve in 1919 for the purpose of protecting the extraordinary
Sea of Sand which forms the floor of caldera with diameter 8-10 km.
There are several mountains inside the caldera, namely : Mt. Bromo
(2,392 m a.s.l), Mt. Batok (2,470 m a.s.l), Mt. Kursi (2,581 m a.s.l),
Mt. Watangan (2,6610 m a.s.l), and Mt. Widodaren (2,650 m a.s.l).
Walking on the Sea of Sand. stepping up on the 249
steps to the rim, enjoying the unique crater in a crater,watching the
dawn at Bromo are the main attractionsin the area.
Mt. Batok (2440m)
Mount Batok (2440m) is a brown volcanic cone at the
north center of the caldera. Unlike the other nearby peaks it is no
longer active and actually has some vegetation growing on it, mostly the
local cemara tree that somehow manages to survive even on volcanic ash.
Mt. Widodaren is located beside Mt. Batok and is
tourism potentials site with the special atractiveness. One of the
appeal of this object is that this location consitutes a sacred tourism
objects thar from a cave and a sarced water resource.
Inside of that cave and asarced water resources.
Inside of that cave there is a somewhat broader
place and inside that place there is abig stone that is used to provide
somethings to be sacrificied and put nadar that also utilized as the
place for meditation especially for comunities of Tengger for praying to
the syangyang widi. Around that cave ,exactly beside there are believe
that eficacy of the water resource that will never dry and according to
comonity of Tengger , it is sacred water from widodaren (Mendhak Tira)
beside, there ist belive that the efficacy of the water may keeo young
and may get the spousefor the umaried person
In order to rach this object has been made a narrou
lane whit the trend nearly forty five degree. So that suggested to
tourits for carefuly walking when passing this lane.
Another atlaractivenes , when we have already
reached the cave , we wel sea abeautifull view at the bottom. I,e sand
seaand the adjancent. The more beautifull view when we are enjoiying the
view at morning whit the yellow shined sun rise appears at our front.
From the peak of Mt. Penanjakan (2,770 m a.s.l) you
will get a very good view to the area of Sea of Sand with the mount
Bromo, Batok and Semeru in the background.
From the look out point at
Mt. Penanjakan you can enjoy the sunrise between 4.30 a.m - 5.30 a.m
while sunset is 4.30 p.m - 5.30 p.m. To watch the dawn of the day at Mt.
Penanjakan you have to be ready on the spot at about 4.00 a.m.
Ranu Pane, Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo & Peak of
Ranu Pane and Ranu Regulo are two beautiful crater
lakes on the upland of about 3 km beyond the southern rim of caldera.
Ranu Pani/Ranu Regulo mostly passed by climbers who want to climb the
Mt. Semeru. Ranu Pani about 1 Ha and Ranu Regulo about 0.75 Ha, are
Ranu Kumbolo with about 14 Ha is located between
Ranu Pani and Mt. Semeru. Walking a long the slopes of the lake Kumbolo,
getting yours shoes stuck in the soft mud, smelling the fragance of
pines and patches of miniature flowers, this is the idyllic solitude of
the Kumbolo lake (Ranu Kumbolo).
For travelling to peak of Mt. Semeru from Ranu
Pani, hikers have to take a rest at Kalimati or Arcopodo and then
continue the travelling early in the morning (03.00 a.m).
On the peak of Mt. Semeru/Mahameru, hikers are
adviced to avoid to visit the crater of Jonggring Saloko and southern
part of the area due to the toxic gasses and lava path.
Restrictions And Regulations
Visitors of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park are
requested to respect the following regulations and guidelines :
1. Visitors for recreation can come to the park
directly through one of the four entrance gate
(Cemorolawang-Sukapura/Probolinggo, Wonokitri-Tosari/ Pasuruan,
Ngadas-Poncokusumo/Malang, Burno-Senduro/Lumajang). Before entering the
park, visitors have to buy the entrance ticket at the nearest entrance
fee collection post.
2. Visitors who want to climb Mt. Mahameru beside
have entrance ticket also have to ask permit letter for hiking to the
Office of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Jl. Raden Intan No. 6
3. Foreign researcher must have permit letter
issued by Directorate General Forest Protection and Nature
Conservation-Department of Forestry in Jakarta. For domestic researcher
permit letter issued by the Office of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
4. Come suitably prepared and provisional
especially if you want to stay overnight.
5. It is advisable to be accompanied by staff
member/guard/special guide of the park when travelling the area.
6. Keep the park clean by taking all your rubbish
out of the park with you (plastics, bottles, cans, etc).
7. Don’t take anything inside the park except
photo, don’t leave anything except your foot-print.
8. Don’t travel the park through outside of