HomeBlogs Ujung Kulon National Park: The Last Sanctuary of The Javan Rhinoceros The last sanctuary of the Javan rhinoceros, the Ujung Kulon National
Park is the triangular peninsula situated at the south western-most tip
of Java. Ujung Kulon is Indonesia’s first and prime National Park,
which was designated as a nature reserve since 1921. This is the
largest remaining lowland tropical rainforest ecosystem in West Java.
And, together with the awesome Krakatau volcano the 137,000 hectares
Park was declared Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Ujung Kulon is the habitat of the rhino (badak) of which only 60
survive today. Seeing one of these animals is very rare since they are
shy and are traceable only at night. Here also roam free some
endangered animals like leopard cats, gibbons, long-tailed macaques,
leaf-monkeys, crocodiles, muntjaks, mousedeer and herds of grazing wild
oxen. In the Park’s surrounding seas are found the great clam, clown
fish, angel fish, parrot fish, mudskippers which can climb trees, and
archer fish, which spit water up to a height of more than two meters to
From Jakarta, you can drive to Serang (Banten Province) via highway,
then continue to Labuan, which will take approximately 1.5 hours. Ujung
Kulon can be reached by chartered speedboat from Labuan to Pulau
Peucang, which takes about 5 hours. Or you can travel for 3.5 hours by
car from Labuan to Tamanjaya,where the excursion into the park usually
A number of tour companies in Jakarta organize visits to Krakatau and
The Ujung Kulon Park is also rich in plant life. It has 700 species of
plants with some 57 categorized as endangered species, including
various species of orchids.
Visitors to the Park may enjoy fast flowing rivers, waterfalls, white
sandy beaches, thermal springs, and beautiful sea gardens
Best site to observe animals is at Handeuleum Island. From here one can
further explore rivers and mangrove forests. While Peucang Island is
ideal for snorkeling, diving and fishing with its clear blue water,
white beaches and coral reefs.
Accommodation is available on Peucang Island and at Handeuleum.
Best time to visit the Ujung Kulon Park is between April through
September. To enter the Park a permit is required obtainable at the
Forestry and Nature Protection office in Labuan.
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