Tari Remo is a welcoming dance performed by
a single dancer or by a group of dancers. Because the dancers are
either men or women, Remo Dance has two styles: masculine and feminine.
Very often women dancers perform masculine-style Remo Dance and men
dancers perform feminine-style Remo Dance.
Tari Remo was originally danced at the beginning of ludruk
performance, but later it is loosely developed into a dance performed at
parties, folk festivals, or at the commemorations of national holidays.
Remo Dance is perfomed to welcome guests and, therefore, it is called a
The characteristic movements of the Remo Dance are the beats of the
feet. A set of small bells is tied around the right-foot ankle. The
bells tinkle when the dancer walks or beats the floor with his or her
right foot. Beside the beats of the feet, the head movements, the
manipulative play of the selendang or sampur, the facial expressions,
and the postures of the dancers which conform the rhythm of the music,
make this dance unique.
The costumes of a Remo Dancer are of various types: Sawunggaling,
Surabayan, Malangan, Jombangan. The Surabayan costume consist of a red
scarf tied around the head, a black upper outfit that resembles the
outfit of an eighteenth-century noblemen with the royal insignia, a pair
of velvet trousers which are knee-high and knitted with golden thread
and gems, a piece of batik worn around the waist, hip and thighs, and
rumpled in the front, a belt called stagen worn around the waist and a
keris (a Javanese dagger). A dancer has two selendang or sampur, one of
which is worn around the waist and the other which is worn on the
shoulders. His or her right hand holds one end of the selendang, and his
or her left hand holds the other end. The bells tied around the right
ankle tinkle loudly.
The costumes of the Surabaya type are more or less similar to those
of the Sawunggaling type. The difference is that the upper outfit of the
dancer is a white shirt with a tie. The costumes of Malangan type are
similar to those of the Surabaya type except that the trousers are
longer, touch the ankles of the dancer and are not knitted with
colourful beads. The costumes of Jombangan type are similar to the
Sawunggaling type except that instead of wearing a white shirt the
dancer wears a vest. The typical costumes of the dancers are difficult
to differentiate, especially because of the new creation of Remo
With feminine-style dance, the dancer has a unique hair-do, and wears
a black mekak to cover the breast, a rapak to cover the hip to the
knee, and a piece of selendang or sampur put across the shoulders. There
are various kinds of womens’ Remo Dance costumes.
The musical instruments used in the Remo Dance performance consist of
bonang babok, bonang penerus, saron, gambang, gender, slentem siter,
seruling (flutes), kethuk-kenong, kempul and gong. The various music
that accompanies the dance can be gamelan laras or irama slendro or
pelog. Various tunes used are Surabaya Jula-Juli, and Tropongan. Other
tunes to accompany the Remo Dance are Walangkekek, Gedok Rancak,
Krucilan or newly created gending. A Remo Dance performance lasts for
fifteen or more minutes. In ludruk performances, a Remo Dancer sings a
song in the middle of his or her performance.
Quoted from : http://www.petra.ac.id/eastjava/culture/remo.htm
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